For the first time, a combination of the nuclear sterile insect technique (SIT) with the incompatible insect technique (IIT) has led to the successful suppression of mosquito populations, a promising step in the control of mosquitoes that carry dengue, the Zika virus and many other devastating disea
Radiation with enough energy to cause changes at the atomic level is called ionizing radiation. It can damage cells, so it is important to measure its potential health effects – but how? Units measuring ionizing radiation are commonly named after leading physicists in the field.
A dual ion beam facility, which enables two ion beams from different accelerators to be combined simultaneously, has been inaugurated in Zagreb, strengthening Croatia’s fusion research and expanding the global supply of facilities with such cutting-edge capabilities.
Following several decades of committed implementation of disposal strategies in Finland and Sweden, as well as cooperation in the development of a safe disposal solution based on a Swedish design, the first ever deep geological repository for spent fuel is being constructed in Olkiluoto, Finland.
Education is key to increasing the representation of women in nuclear security, concluded panelists at a discussion during the Annual Meeting of the International Nuclear Security Education Network (INSEN) taking place in Vienna this week.
Linac is short for linear accelerator. It uses electricity to generate high energy beams of X-rays or electrons. While these beams have a variety of uses, one of their most common is for treating cancer.
Radioactive waste makes up a small portion of all waste. It is the by-product of millions of medical procedures each year, industrial and agricultural applications that use radiation and nuclear reactors that generate around 10 % of global electricity.
The IAEA has delivered emergency supplies to help Mozambique fight outbreaks of animal diseases such as African swine fever, foot and mouth disease or Rift Valley fever that could threaten people and livestock in the aftermath of floods caused by recent cyclones.
With a project on reducing the area of a geological disposal site by introducing partitioning technologies, a first year doctoral student from the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tomohiro Okamura, won the #SFM19 Young Generation Challenge, whose finalists were announced at the IAEA Conference on the
Nuclear power can make a significant contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, while at the same time fulfilling the increasing energy demands of a growing world population and supporting global sustainable development.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts said Norway is committed to strengthening its regulatory framework for nuclear and radiation safety. The team also noted areas for further enhancement.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the ITER International Fusion Energy Organization have agreed to strengthen their cooperation in nuclear fusion research and related activities with the long-term goal of realizing fusion energy production on an industrial, power-plant scale.
Policymakers may not have the time to sift through scientific papers or 30 000 data samples on the ocean’s health. That’s why marine scientists using nuclear-derived techniques and communication experts from Latin America and the Caribbean teamed up earlier this month to repackage scientific finding
The IAEA, in collaboration with the University of Massachusetts, has developed an innovative method for tracing the origin of nitrogen pollution in lakes, seas and rivers. The nuclear-derived analytical tool provides a cheaper, safer and faster way to determine if excessive nitrogen compounds in wat
The IAEA is launching a new series of interactive webinars aimed at supporting national authorities in developing and implementing effective stakeholder involvement programmes related to nuclear power.
Lasers, atom traps, krypton. These exciting, isotope hydrology techniques were discussed, together with the importance of big data, during the IAEA’s International Symposium on Isotope Hydrology that took place in Vienna this week.
In 2018, Cape Town was close to becoming the first major city in the world to run out of water. South African experts are using isotopic techniques to understand water resources and try to avoid another drought.
The IAEA publication Use of Laser Carbon Dioxide Carbon Isotope Analysers in Agriculture focuses on an isotopic technique that scientists are using to assess the presence of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the environment and which can also help to enhance land management practices to make agriculture clima
Agricultural activities, illegal sewage disposal and animal breeding could be among the sources of nitrogen pollution in urban waterways around Port Louis, the capital of Mauritius, according to preliminary findings of an IAEA-supported study using isotopic techniques.
Students and professionals below the age of 35 can now submit entries to the IAEA’s 2020 International Essay Competition on Nuclear Security for Students and Early Career Professionals in cooperation with the International Nuclear Security Education Network (INSEN).
The use of radiation in medicine using state-of-the-art diagnostic methods for radiography, angiography and computed tomography to diagnose and follow treatments in cardiology and cancer control is among the pillars of Kuwait’s health programme, which is supported by the IAEA.
For most types of radiotherapy to the brain, head or neck area, patients wear a mask to ensure they are in the right position for treatment. These masks are made of thermoplastic and shaped to the face.
Scientists around the world use radiation to understand and preserve history. In the Albanian National Museum of History, researchers are working with non-destructive methods such as x-rays to study old portraits and metal objects.
After suffering from a devastating Ebola outbreak in 2014, veterinary scientists in Sierra Leone are training their peers from around Africa to catch, sample and diagnose — using nuclear-derived techniques — potentially virus-transmitting bats.
The pork industry in Viet Nam has escaped the recent wave of African Swine Fever (ASF) and other animal diseases hitting Southeast Asia thanks to quick action by researchers at the National Centre for Veterinary Diagnosis (NCVD).
There is a reason why dragon fruit is considered a rich and famous fruit in Viet Nam: it is exported to 40 countries and return from dragon fruit production is several times higher than from rice production.
Farmers in Namibia now have new crop varieties of cowpea and sorghum that are more tolerant to drought and pests planted this year, thanks to nuclear technology provided with the support of the IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The IAEA, in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), recently sent a team of experts to conduct a cancer control situation analysis in Guyana, following the country’s request for support as it faces an increasing number of c
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts said the operator of Romania’s Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) demonstrated strengthened operational safety by addressing the findings of an initial IAEA review in 2016.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts said Estonia has strengthened its regulatory framework for nuclear and radiation safety since 2016. The team also noted areas for potential further enhancement.
The IAEA has received a new medical linear accelerator and the equipment used for radiotherapy is being installed at its Seibersdorf laboratories. It will greatly enhance the Agency’s capacity to support the application of this technology to the benefit of cancer patients around the world.
There is a shortage of medical physicists in Asia and the Pacific. In efforts to fill this expertise gap, several countries in the region are now using an IAEA-developed e-learning tool called AMPLE, or the Advanced Medical Physics Learning Environment.
The IAEA has continued to monitor activities around North Korea’s Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Centre, but cannot confirm the nature and purpose of the activities because it does not have access on the ground, Director General Yukiya Amano told the IAEA's Board of Governors today.
With Pope Francis and the presidents of Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama and Portugal in attendance, the World Youth Day for Catholic youth, held at the end of January in Panama City, was a major event featuring five days of concerts, vigils, prayers, masses and more.
For a hundred years we have found different ways of using radiation to diagnose infectious diseases without surgery. With a range of challenges threatening the global progress against infectious diseases, nuclear science is providing a vital weapon in this ongoing battle.
Professionals from 10 African countries reviewed the status of their countries’ regulatory frameworks for the security of radioactive material and developed action plans to address any identified gaps during the IAEA’s first School on Drafting Nuclear Security Regulations for African Countries.
New home-grown barley varieties developed using irradiation with the support of the IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) are in the final stages of development and will be ready to be released to farmers for production in coming years.
Nuclear safety is a national responsibility that requires robust regulations. The IAEA helps countries establish and strengthen their regulatory frameworks for nuclear safety through an expert peer review called the Integrated Regulatory Review Service, or IRRS.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Union (EU) reviewed progress achieved in working together on a range of nuclear activities and agreed to further enhance cooperation during their seventh annual Senior Officials Meeting, in Luxembourg, this week.
Quantum technology is paving the way for smaller, faster and more flexible electronics than ever before, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging scanners the size of smartphones and quantum computers that are thousands of times more powerful than traditional computers.
As 2019 starts, authorities in Bangladesh have presented in Vienna this week their progress towards nuclear power at a Technical Meeting on Topical Issues in the Development of Nuclear Power Infrastructure, with more than one hundred participants from 40 IAEA Member States.
Bulgaria has halted the spread of the Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) — a virus disease that can devastate livestock — thanks, in part, to the support of the IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This was the first time PPR was recorded in the European Union, s
Early and honest reporting on incidents and near misses is key to improving safety in radiotherapy. This is one of the messages participants took home this week from a workshop on risk assessment in advanced radiotherapy techniques organized by the IAEA in Vienna for radiotherapy professionals from
Climate change is one of the biggest environmental challenges affecting humanity today, causing a dangerous rise in sea levels and disturbances to the water cycle and leading to more frequent extreme weather events.
The inauguration of a new nuclear research laboratory building, two anniversary review missions, quarterly reports on the monitoring of Iran's nuclear-related commitments and a ministerial declaration on further cooperation for realizing the potential of nuclear science were among the highlights of
Arid countries like Kuwait are increasingly focussing on techniques using stable isotopes to assess their ground water resources and meet the challenge to manage the fresh water resources in a sustainable way for their growing populations.
It sleeps upside down, comes to life at night and can carry Ebola. What is it? A bat. After suffering from a devastating Ebola outbreak in 2014, veterinary scientists in Sierra Leone are training their peers from around Africa to catch, sample and diagnose — using nuclear-derived techniques — potent
For patients, the public and workers exposed to radiation, measuring their dose is paramount. To promote standardization worldwide, more than 100 specialists from 65 countries gathered at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) this week for the largest-ever training course on establishing and
There is considerable potential for increasing the use of excess heat from electricity generation by nuclear power plants to desalinate seawater, produce hydrogen for the heavy industry, decarbonize the transport sector, and supply heat to residential and commercial uses: Nuclear cogeneration can of
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts has concluded an eight-day mission to the Republic of the Philippines to review its development of infrastructure for nuclear power. The Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR), which ended on 17 December, was conducted at the invi
Authorities and those using radioactive sources – such as staff at hospitals, industries and research institutions – also must collaborate so that the material is protected, and quickly detected if it is lost, stolen or otherwise missing.
Sick animals can threaten the health of people. Diseases such as avian influenza, Ebola and rabies are becoming more frequent. But nuclear-derived techniques can detect the virus in 24 hours allowing farmers to isolate and treat infected animals quickly.
For many countries, growing wealth often means growing waistlines and the accompanying preventable diseases. To better understand the impact of nutrition on national health, countries like Mauritius are turning to nuclear techniques.
Mexico’s health system would benefit from a comprehensive cancer control plan to address countrywide needs, and a steering committee composed of key cancer control stakeholders to develop and support its implementation.
Nuclear science and technology have the potential to help countries meet a wide variety of socio-economic and human development needs, states a declaration adopted today by over 60 Ministers and other high-level Government representatives during a major IAEA conference.
The IAEA today inaugurated a new laboratory building that will be used for scientific work to help countries address food and agricultural challenges. The event marks the conclusion of major construction in the project to upgrade the IAEA Nuclear Applications laboratories outside Vienna, Austria.
An IAEA-led imPACT mission to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) last month concluded that the country has established the necessary infrastructure and has a skilled workforce to respond to the cancer burden.
Some Space missions run for years, or even decades. They need reliable power to run scientific instruments and communications equipment. Nuclear batteries, so-called Radioisotope Power Systems, provide energy for a very long time. Radioisotope Power Systems are thermoelectric devices.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts said Australia is committed to strengthening its regulatory framework for nuclear and radiation safety. The team also noted areas for further enhancements, including implementation of the framework in a more consistent manner across the co
Interview with Maria Helena Semedo, Deputy Director-General for Climate and Natural Resources at the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO), and a speaker at the IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Science and Technology, starting on 26 November.
Participants from around the world have gathered in Vienna to present various technical innovations which may have the potential to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the IAEA’s nuclear verification activities.
When environmental chemist Wilfren Clutario wanted to understand the level of pollution caused by the world’s most severe typhoon, which claimed over 6000 lives and devastated two-thirds of Tacloban in 2013, he had a problem: there was no baseline data available.
A hybrid energy system combining both nuclear and renewables can significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to conventional fossil fuels, participants at an IAEA meeting heard last week.
The IAEA has assisted more than 120 countries in building competence in radiation protection through its postgraduate courses on radiation protection and radiation source safety, the 100th of which recently concluded in Malaysia.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and an association of leading national waste management organizations have pledged to strengthen cooperation and coordination on the development of safe, effective and secure solutions for the disposal of high level radioactive waste (HLW) and spent nucl
The inaugural course, Protecting Computer-Based Systems in Nuclear Security Regimes, was held earlier this month. It brought together 37 participants from 13 countries for two weeks of immersive training on best practices in computer security.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts today concluded a 10-day mission to review Belarus’s preparedness and response arrangements for nuclear and radiological emergencies. The Emergency Preparedness Review (EPREV) was carried out at the request of the Government of Belarus.
From helping to solve historical criminal cases to determining the fate of a disappearing beach in Jamaica and the air quality at your gym: neutron activation is an established method to find out the composition and origin of materials.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) experts will visit Japan this month to collect samples of seawater, marine sediment and fishery products from coastal waters in Fukushima Prefecture. The 9-19 October mission aims to support the quality assurance of radioactivity data collection and analysis
A major IAEA peer review service for nuclear safety is marking a milestone this week. With a review under way in Hungary, the Integrated Regulatory Review Service, or IRRS, is conducting its 100th mission worldwide.
Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions through low-carbon electricity, offering methods to monitor the impact of emissions on oceans and soils, and helping countries adapt to increasingly erratic weather – these are some of the areas in which nuclear technology can offer proven solutions to address som
The responsibility for nuclear security within a State rests entirely with that State. The importance of making nuclear security regimes sustainable for the long-term protection of people, property and the environment was the focus of a panel discussion today, held on the sidelines of the IAEA’s 62n
Strengthening efforts to increase the number of women pursuing careers in nuclear science and technology in Africa and enhancing the role of women scientists in Africa were the key topics under the spotlight at an event held today alongside the IAEA General Conference in Vienna.
On the margins of the IAEA General Conference today, representatives from over 25 countries discussed innovative ideas on how the field of robotics can contribute to nuclear safeguards and verification.
Although its potential to generate electricity at a commercial scale is several decades away, nuclear fusion can become a promising option to replace fossil fuels as the world's primary energy source and could have an important role to play in addressing climate change, participants agreed at an IAE
The realities of climate change — the environmental challenge of our time — are all around us. But with help from nuclear science and technology, we can mitigate, monitor and adapt to the effects of a warming planet.
The IAEA Incident and Emergency Centre (IEC) introduced virtual reality tools into its annual training programme last year. Since then, about 100 people have used virtual reality to train for emergencies.
Nuclear power can make a vital contribution to meeting climate change targets while delivering the increasingly large quantities of electricity needed for global economic development, according to a new IAEA report.
Nuclear power’s electricity generating capacity risks shrinking in the coming decades as ageing reactors are retired and the industry struggles with reduced competitiveness, according to a new IAEA report. The declining trend may set back global efforts to mitigate climate change, IAEA Director Gene
Workers in coal mines can be exposed to radiation emitted from naturally occurring radioactive material such as uranium and thorium. Occupational radiation protection programmes aim to minimize the associated health risks.
Much of the Philippines’ spice and herbal products industry relies on the country’s only gamma irradiator for microbiological decontamination, but the facility at the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) can no longer cope with the increased demand.
The use of radiation in improving crop varieties offers an effective means of adapting agricultural crops to changing weather conditions, while also increasing yields to feed a growing population, agreed speakers at a session at the International Symposium on Plant Mutation Breeding and Biotechnolog
The IAEA has launched a comprehensive, online interactive and integrated digital map of the world’s uranium distribution and deposits. This second edition of World Distribution of Uranium Deposits was developed with contributions from the Saskatchewan Geological Survey, the Geological Survey of Sout
When it comes to climate change, the islands of the Caribbean are particularly under threat. Representatives from ten Caribbean countries are at the IAEA headquarters in Vienna to discuss the use of nuclear science and technology in dealing with this problem.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts has concluded a twelve-day mission to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to review its development of infrastructure for a nuclear power programme. The Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR), which ended on 24 July, was carried out at th
Farmers in Argentina, Brazil, India, Indonesia, Kenya and Uruguay are increasing crop yields and enhancing the fertility and quality of the soil in an environmentally friendly, cost-effective way – thanks to the results of an IAEA coordinated research project recently concluded in collaboration with
For the first time, radiopharmacists from across Central and Eastern Europe learned about an emerging technique in treating prostate cancer at an IAEA course organized at the National Centre for Nuclear Research in Poland last month.
The first-ever cooperation meeting between national dosimetry laboratories in Latin American and Caribbean countries has set the ground for better radiation protection of patients and workers in the region.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts said Italy has made significant progress in preparing for the safe dismantling of major parts of two of the country’s nuclear power plants, while noting areas for potential improvement.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts today concluded an eight-day mission to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to review its infrastructure development for a nuclear power programme. The Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR) was carried out at the invitation of the UAE
Non-electric applications powered by nuclear energy offer increased energy efficiency and represent sustainable solutions for a number of energy challenges current and future generations will have to face.
IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano highlighted the importance of nuclear science and technology —including nuclear power — in meeting development goals in his keynote address at the 2018 World Nuclear Exhibition event in Paris, France, today.
An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts said Bulgaria is committed to the safe management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. The team also noted areas for potential long-term improvements.
Tanzania is at an advanced stage of uranium exploration and plans to commence mining operations at its first approved mining site as soon as economic conditions become favourable and the price of uranium rises, local experts have said.
Under a cooperation facilitated by the IAEA, the Malaysian Atomic Energy Licensing Board has hosted a technical visit for Lebanese and Omani atomic energy authorities to help strengthen their nuclear security practices.
Latin American countries have started work with the IAEA and its partners to prevent the re-introduction of the New World screwworm into Central and North America from where it has been eradicated and build capacity for the suppression and eventual eradication of this insect pest in some regions of
The IAEA has issued a challenge for data specialists from around the world to submit innovative ways to visualise, analyse and explore simulations of different materials that can be used to build fusion reactors.
While the visible impact of large plastic debris on marine environments has been well documented, the potential harm caused by microplastics is much less clear. Nuclear and isotopic techniques can provide valuable information on their impact and the risk to marine organisms and, ultimately, humans.
The IAEA started a four-year project to help Caribbean countries improve radiation medicine services as the region’s health systems face increased pressure from non-communicable diseases such as cancer.
Technical Meeting on Preventing Unintended and Accidental Exposure: the exponential rise in nuclear medicine procedures performed around the world benefits an increasing number of patients, but it also intensifies the need to avoid any related accidental radiation exposure.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has completed a three-year project to revamp its Safeguards information technology system to be more effective in its work to ensure the peaceful uses of nuclear technology.
More than 60 top fusion scientists and engineers from around the world gathered at the 5th IAEA DEMO Programme Workshop in Daejeon, South Korea, from 7 to 10 May, to discuss critical issues and next steps on the road to the realization of fusion energy.
Brazilian farmers are working with nuclear scientists to utilize organic farming techniques to increase their productivity while at the same time reducing their carbon emissions in a project coordinated by the IAEA in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Participants from countries considering building nuclear power plants discussed the issue of costs and timeframes at the first-ever ‘Technical Meeting on Nuclear Power Cost Estimation and Analysis Methodologies’ in Vienna from 24 to 26 April.
Thai consumers will soon have access to more precise nutrition labelling on food products and recommendations on nutrient intake, thanks in part to scientific data collected using stable isotope techniques.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has helped remove 27 disused highly radioactive sources from five South American countries in a significant step forward for nuclear safety and security in the region. It was the largest such project ever facilitated by the IAEA.
Following recent devastating natural disasters in Ecuador, Nepal, Peru and — just last year — the Caribbean and Mexico, the IAEA was quick to provide medical and other forms of assistance using nuclear technology to help countries maintain essential services in the aftermath.
The IAEA is launching a new series of online seminars for professionals and others interested in tackling problems associated with naturally occurring radon, especially since it is the second most common cause of lung cancer after smoking.
Burundi’s access and contributions to reliable, up-to-date nuclear information were recently given a boost with the provision of training and IT equipment by the IAEA to the country's newly launched International Nuclear Information System (INIS) centre.
In Argentina, like in many parts of the world, water is at risk of over-exploitation and contamination. To protect it, scientists are studying its most invisible details with the help of nuclear technology and the support of the IAEA.
Farmer El Haj Abdeslam and his three helpers spent years fighting soil erosion that swept away their crops’ fertile ground, taking their incomes with it. Now Abdeslam and many Moroccan farmers like him are saving their soil and their source of food and money using soil-conservation methods selected
An update on the progress of the United Nations (UN) Joint Global Programme on Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control was presented at the tenth meeting of the UN Interagency Task Force on Noncommunicable Disease (UNIATF). The meeting, in which 17 different UN organizations were represented, is host
More than 40 curriculum developers, educators, and nuclear and education sector officials from 18 Member States have participated in the IAEA Regional Workshop on Curriculum Development and Launching of Nuclear Science and Technology for Secondary Schools.
World Cancer Day is observed each year of 4 February for us to reminisce and consider the increased global burden that cancer inflicts on people, both poor and rich. See what the IAEA is doing to commemorate World Cancer Day on 2 February, and how you can participate virtually.
The last couple of decades have witnessed increased interest in the extension of the operating life of nuclear power plants. Extending the life of a plant is more economical than building a new one, and where it makes business sense, many plant operators in the United States are seeking licence rene